"Recent research into that chapter of history and into subsequent generations of German Jewish women has demonstrated convincingly that the salon Jewesses represent a phenomenon linked to specific conditions within German aristocratic and Enlightenment society as well as among the Jewish elite, especially in Berlin, during a particular and relatively brief period of time. As Deborah Hertz has shown, they followed a typical female path of social mobility through marriage; because of the social and economic climate of their time and place, advantageous marriages to Christian nobles were available. Steven Lowenstein has argued that only in the case of the salons and of conversion did Jewish women predominate in the crisis that affected the Berlin Jewish elite; regarding interreligious romance and the subsequent birth of illegitimate children, for example, Jewish men were at least as involved as women. The greater attention paid to female sexually aberrant behavior in the Jewish community he attributes to the “double standard” common at the time. Both Hertz and Lowenstein find the traditional argument, that deficient Jewish education is the key to understanding the defection of the salon Jewesses from Judaism and the Jewish community, to be too simplistic."
Paula Hyman, “Two Models of Modernization: Jewish Women in the German and the Russian Empires,” collected in Jews and Gender: The Challenge to Hierarchy, page 40-41.